Education, News

Fundamental Rights of India

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India. Dr. B.R Ambedakar was the chairman of the drafting committee. The constitution was adopted on 26th November 1949 and enacted on 26th january 1950. The constitution of India gives Fundamental Rights to every Indian. These Fundamental Rights are for the development of every human being. Fundamental Rights are the basic human rights which gives the rights to every Indian. The Rights are called Fundamental Rights because all the rights are enshrined in the Constitution of India and the Rights are enforceable by courts.

There are 6 fundamental Rights which are described in Part III of the Constitution of India.

Here is the list of Fundamental Rights which are:-

  1. Right to Equality  (Article 14-18)
  2. Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)
  3. Right against Exploitation (Article 23-24)
  4. Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)
  5. Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)
  6. Rights to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)

#1. Right to Equality (Article 14-18)

Right to Equality gives equal rights to everyone. According to the Constitution of India the government shall not deny equality before law and give equal protection of law to the citizens of India. It means the law will apply the same to all. No person is above the law. A politician, a government official and an ordinary citizen are the same before law.

Right to equality is divided into following subheadings:-

Article 14 – Equality before law.

Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the ground of religion, cast, race, sex or place of birth.

Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.

Article 17 – Abolition of untouchability.

Article 18 – Abolition of titles.

#2. Right to Freedom (Article 19-22)

Our Constitution of India guarantees the citizens to live a life of freedom and to live life with dignity. There are many rights of freedom which every citizen must know. It is important to know what freedom the Constitution of India provides us.

Right to Freedom is divided into following subheadings:-

Article 19 – Article 19 guarantees the protection of 6 rights:-

  1. Speech and expression
  2. Assembly
  3. Association
  4. Movement
  5. Residence
  6. Profession

Article 20 – Protection with respect to conviction for offence

Article 21 – Right to life and personal liberty

Article 21A – Right to elementary education

Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases

#3. Right against Exploitation (Article 23-24)

 The Constitution of India provides and guarantees the rights against exploitation. The Law of India prohibits any act which is against the dignity and freedom of a person. No one can force anyone to do work against their will. This is an important Fundamental Right which protects you from forced labour.

Right against Exploitation is divided into 2 subheadings:-

Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour

Article 24 – Prohibition of employment of childrens in factories

#4. Right to freedom of Religion (25-28)

The Constitution of India gives us the right to freedom of religion. We are free to choose our religion. No one can force anyone to choose or change our religion. Every person has the right and freedom to choose and practice their religion.

Right to Freedom of Religion is divided into 4 sub headings:-

Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion

Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs

Article 27 – Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion

Article 28 – Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain        educational institutions

#5. Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29-30)

The Constitution of India gives us the cultural and educational rights and gives the full liberty to an individual to protect their distinct language, script and culture.  

Cultural and Educational Rights are divided into 2 subheadings:-

Article 29 – Protection of interest of minorities

Article 30 – Right of Minorities to Establish and Administer Educational Institution

#6. Rights to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)

Article 32 is known”” as the spirit of the constitution and exceptionally heart of it”by Dr. Ambedkar. Article 32 provides the legal remedies for the protection of these rights against their violation by the state or other individuals.

Our Constitution of India provides Fundamental Rights for the protection of citizens of India. As an Indian we all should know our fundamental rights and when anyone tries to violate any of the fundamental rights you should oppose.